• 10th Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab

    Terms

    General Terms

    English Korean
    Training Hall Dojang
    Training Suit Dobok
    Instructor Sabum
    Student Jeja
    Bow Kyong-ye
    Ready Chunbi
    Dismiss Haessen

    Counting

    English Korean
    One Hanna
    Two Dool
    Three Seth
    Four Neth
    Five Dasual
    Six Yasual
    Seven Ilgop
    Eight Yodoll
    Nine Ahop
    Ten Yoll

    Body Sections

    English Korean
    Low Najunde
    Middle Kaunde
    High Nopunde

    Exercises

    English Korean
    Four Directional Punch Sajo Jirugi
    Four Directional Block Sajo Makgi

    Offensive / Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    Punch Jirugi
    Block Makgi
    Kick Chagi
    Stance Sogi

    Questions

    Name the founder of Taekwondo?
    Reveal Answer

    Major General Choi Hong Hi 9th Degree

    Name the tenets of Taekwondo?
    Reveal Answer

    Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self-Control, Indomitable Spirit

    What does white signify?
    Reveal Answer

    White signifies the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of TaeKwon Do

    What is the Taekwondo oath?
    Reveal Answer

    I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do. I shall respect the instructor and seniors. I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do. I shall be a champion of freedom and justice. I shall build a more peaceful world.

  • 9th Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab

    Terms

    General Terms

    English Korean
    Pattern Tul
    Strike Taerigi

    Stances

    English Korean
    L-Stance Niunja Sogi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Open Fist Strike Pyun Joomuk Taerigi
    High Section Obverse Punch Nopunde Baro Jirugi
    Front Snap Kick Ap Cha Busigi

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    Rising Block Chookyo Makgi

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Three Step Sparring Sambo Matsoki

    Questions

    What is the meaning of Chon-Ji?
    Reveal Answer

    Chon Ji' literally means Heaven and Earth. In the orient it is interpretted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts, one to represent heaven the other to represent the earth

    Explain L-Stance?
    Reveal Answer

    An 'L Stance' is formed by placing the leading foot facing forwards one and a half shoulder widths in front of the rear foot (measured from the toe of the front foot to the outside of the rear foot) which faces to the side creating an L shape with the feet. 70% of the body weight is placed on the rear foot. This enables the practitioner to react quickly with the front foot to any attacking or defending situations

    Explain three step sparring?
    Reveal Answer

    Three step sparring is designed for the beginner to practice basic techniques with a partner. It teaches the student many things including 1. correct stances 2. correct facing 3. accurate blocks 4. counter attacks 5. timing 6. co-ordination 7. proper distance 8. and forearm conditioning All attackers start in left walking stance, low outer forearm block. All defenders start in parrallel ready stance

    Which forearm part is used for rising block?
    Reveal Answer

    Bakat Palmok or Outer Forearm

    What does yellow signify?
    Reveal Answer

    Yellow signifies the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Tae Kwon Do foundation is being laid

    Which foot part is used for front kick?
    Reveal Answer

    Ap Kumchi or Ball of Foot

    What does tae mean?
    Reveal Answer

    To jump, kick or smash with the foot

    What does kwon mean?
    Reveal Answer

    To punch or destroy with the hand or fist

    What does Do mean?
    Reveal Answer

    Art, method or way

  • 8th Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab

    Terms

    General Terms

    English Korean
    Inwards Anaero
    Outwards Bakaero
    Upwards Ollyo
    Downwards Naeryo

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    Knifehand Guarding Block Sonkal Daebi Makgi
    Twin Forearm Block Sang Palmok Makgi
    Inward Outer Forearm Block Anaero Bakat Palmok Makgi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Side Front Snap Kick Yop Ap Cha Busigi
    Middle Knifehand Strike Kaunde Sonkal Taerigi
    Middle Reverse Punch Kaunde Bandae Jirugi

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Three Step Sparring Sambo Matsoki

    Questions

    What does green signify?
    Reveal Answer

    Green signifies the plant's growth as TaeKwon-Do skills begin to develop

    When was Heart of England ITF founded
    Reveal Answer

    4th July 2009

    When was the ITF formed?
    Reveal Answer

    22 March 1966

    Explain twin forearm block?
    Reveal Answer

    Twin forearm block is made of two blocks - an outer forearm block to the front which finishes with the fist level with the shoulder and an outer forearm rising block to the side to protect the head. This technique is designed to defend against two possible attacks at the same time

    Name five stances?
    Reveal Answer

    Charyot Sogi - Attention Stance. Narani Sogi - Parallel Stance. Annun Sogi - Sitting Stance. Gunnon Sogi - Walking Stance. Niunja Sogi - L Stance.

    Name four blocks?
    Reveal Answer

    Kaunde An Palmok Makgi - Middle Inner Forearm Block. Najunde Bakat Palmok Makgi - Low Outer Forearm Block. Chookyo Makgi - Rising Block. Sonkal Daebi Makgi - Knifehand Guarding Block. Sang Palmok Makgi - Twin Forearm Block.

  • 7th Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab

    Terms

    General Terms

    English Korean
    Kick Chagi
    Thrust Tulgi
    Straight Son
    Online Turn Gujari Dolgi

    Parts of the body

    English Korean
    Fingertips Sonkut
    Footsword Balkal
    Ball of Foot Ap Kumchi

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    High Outer Forearm Block Nopunde Bakat Palmok Makgi
    Release Move Jappyolsol Tae
    Wedging Block Hechyo Makgi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Straight Fingertip Thrust Son Sonkut Tulgi
    Back Fist Strike Dung Joomuk Taerigi
    Side Kick Yop Chagi
    Turning Kick Doolyo Chagi

    Questions

    Explain Wedging Block
    Reveal Answer

    Wedging block is used as a defence against a grasp to the neck, shoulders or head or as a defence against a twin vertical punch to the head. The arms drive upwards in a wedging motion between the attackers arms and then pull down and out to shoulder width forcing the attacker to release their grip. The arms remain at shoulder width during the performance of a counter to afford the defender a level of defence and have the arms in position to do a follow up counter quickly.

    Why 24 patterns?
    Reveal Answer

    The reason for 24 patterns is because, the founder Major General Choi Hong Hi compared the life of man with a day in the life of the earth. He believed that people should strive to bequeath a good spiritual legacy to coming generations and in so doing gain immortality. Therefore if we can leave something behind for the welfare of mankind, maybe it will be the most important thing to happen in our lives. As the founder said: ‘Here I leave TaeKwon-do for mankind, as a trace of a man of the late 20th century

    Meaning of Do-San?
    Reveal Answer

    Do-San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938) who devoted his entire life furthering the education of Korea and it's Independence movement.

  • 6th Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab

    Terms

    General Terms

    English Korean
    Back Dwit

    Parts of the body

    English Korean
    Foot Parts Habansin
    Hand Parts Sangbansin
    Elbow Palkup

    Stances

    English Korean
    Bending Stance Guburyo Sogi
    Fixed Stance Gojong Sogi
    Closed Ready Stance A Moa Chunbi Sogi A

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    Forearm Guarding Block Palmok Daebi Makgi
    Circular Block Dollymio Makgi
    X-Fist Pressing Block Kyocha Joomuk Noolyo Makgi
    Upward Palm Block Ollyo Sonbadak Makgi
    Waist Block Hori Makgi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Inward Knifehand Strike Anaero Sonkal Taerigi
    Twin Vertical Punch Sang Sewo Jirugi
    Side Elbow Strike Yop Palkup Taerigi
    Reverse Side Kick Bandae Yop Chagi
    Side piercing kick Yop Cha Jirugi

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Free Sparring Jayo Matsoki
    Three Step Semi Free Sparring Sambo Banjayo Matsoki
    Two Step Sparring Ibo Matsoki

    Questions

    Meaning of blue belt?
    Reveal Answer

    Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in TaeKwon-Do progresses

    Meaning of Won-Hyo?
    Reveal Answer

    WON-HYO was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.

    Why two step sparring?
    Reveal Answer

    Two Step Sparring is designed for the intermediate student to practice more advanced techniques whilst still maintaining the same distance ands timing as in Three Step but with more varied techniques thus allowing the student to develop various combinations. All attackers start in right L Stance Forearm Guarding Block and all defenders start in Parrallel Ready Stance

    Name four foot parts?
    Reveal Answer

    Ap Kumchi - Ball of Foot. Balkal – Footsword. Baldung – Instep. Dwit Chook – Back Heal.

    Name five hand parts?
    Reveal Answer

    Sonkal – Knifehand. Sonbadak – Palm. Sonkut – Finger Tips. Ap Joomuk – Forefist. Dung Joomuk – Back Fist.

    Why free sparring?
    Reveal Answer

    Free sparring is when two students are allowed to practice controlled kicking and punching against each other. Each student is trying to land a successful strike or kick to specific targets on their opponent, whilst keeping their own defences tight. Safety equipment must always be worn. This type of sparring must only be carried out under supervision of a qualified instructor. Both students start in a right L¬stance forearm guarding block. Tournament sparring must be seen purely as the sport side of Taekwon-Do and not confused with self defence, it is totally different and must be approached in a totally different manner. To be a competent tournament fighter certain skills have to be developed such as speed, stamina, timing, balance and flexibility. Most students when they attempt tournament sparring for the first time tend to attack without thinking about a good tight defence. Even when all the skills have developed it still does not guarantee success, as with most things there is no substitute for experience.

  • 5th Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab

    Terms

    General Terms

    English Korean
    Jumping Twigi

    Parts of the body

    English Korean
    Arc Hand Bandal Son
    Back Sole Dwit Kumchi
    Back Heel Dwit Chook

    Stances

    English Korean
    X-Stance Kyocha Sogi

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    Double Forearm Block Doo Palmok Makgi
    Hooking Block Golcho Makgi
    Twin Knifehand Block Sang Sonkal Makgi
    Inward Palm Block Anaero Sonbadak Makgi

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Free Sparring Jayo Matsoki
    Three Step Semi-Free Sparring Sambo Banjayo Matsoki
    Two Step Sequences 3 & 4 Ibo Matsoki

    Questions

    Meaning of Yul-Gok?
    Reveal Answer

    YUL-GOK is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea" The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38 latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

    Target areas for certain attacks?
    Reveal Answer

    Explain what attacking tools you would use for certain targets- i.e. knifehand against a soft target like throat or neck, backfist to temple or nose, front snap kick to knee etc.

    Explain X-Stance
    Reveal Answer

    X Stance is a very convenient stance in particular for attacking to the side or front in a jumping motion. It is frequently used for blocking and serves as a preparatory stance for moving into the next manouevre. Body weight is on the stationary foot. When the weight is on the right foot it is a right X Stance and vice versa

    Meaning of blue belt?
    Reveal Answer

    Blue signifies the heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in TaeKwon-Do progresses

    What happened on April 11th 1955
    Reveal Answer

    The name TaeKwon-Do was presented by General Choi Hong Hi 9th degree to a meeting of leading Masters, Historians and Politicians where it became officially recognised

  • 4th Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab As a Blue Belt you are now classed as a senior grade and are expected to start showing very good technique when applying basics. You will now move on to 6 monthly gradings. This is so that you are able to develop and improve what you already know. Do not become complacent thinking you have ages to get ready for your next grading. Patterns become progressively harder as you climb the the grades and require a lot more practice and refinement to perfect. You should try and remember everything you've learnt for previous gradings. This will make life a lot easier.

    Terms

    Parts of the body

    English Korean
    Reverse Knifehand Sonkal Dung
    Side Sole Yop Balbadak

    Stances

    English Korean
    Closed Ready Stance B Moa Chunbi Sogi B
    Rear Foot Stance Dwit Bal Sogi
    Low Stance Nachuo Sogi

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    U-Shaped Block Digutcha Makgi
    Reverse Knifehand Block Sonkal Dung Makgi
    X-Fist Rising Block Kyocha Joomuk Chookyo Makgi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Angle Punch Kiokja Jirugi
    Upper Elbow Strike Wi Palkup Taerigi
    Downward Kick Naeryo Chagi
    Pressing Kick Noolyo Chagi
    Side Thrust Kick Yop Cha Tulgi
    Reverse Turning Hooking Kick Bandae Dollyo Golcho Chagi
    Consecutive Kick Yonsok Chagi

    Pattern

    Korean Number of Moves
    Joong-Gun 32

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Free Sparring Jayo Matsoki
    One Step Sparring Ilbo Matsoki

    Questions

    Meaning of red belt?
    Reveal Answer

    Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, whilst warning the opponent to stay away.

    Why one step sparring?
    Reveal Answer

    One step is the most useful form of sparring there is. One step is practiced to develop the fast reflexes necessary for self defence situations. This form of sparring is completely different to any other form of Taekwon-do sparring, involving take downs, joint locks, strangles and restraints. Both students start in parallel stance. The attack is a front punch in walking stance and the defence and counter any block and counter you are familiar with. At this level you are expected to perform one step with full sine wave. This enables the defender to start developing predictive skills by observing shoulder twist, sine wave and weight transfer in their opponent. Body language is the most important indicator of an attackers intent and should be observed carefully.

    Meaning of Joong-Gun?
    Reveal Answer

    JOONG-GUN is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed in a Lui-Shung prison (1910).

    What is the purpose of U-shape block?
    Reveal Answer

    U Shaped block is a defence against a Bow Staff attack enabling the defender to stop the attack and disarm the opponent

    Why perform patterns?
    Reveal Answer

    Patterns are practised to improve Taekwon-Do techniques, to develop sparring techniques, improve flexibility of movement, master body shifting, build and tone muscles and improve balance and breath control. They also enable the student to learn techniques which cannot be found in other forms of training.

    Why learn the meanings of patterns?
    Reveal Answer

    The name, the number of movements and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolize either a historical event, a heroic figure in Korean history or instances relating to historical events. These events are to be respected. Although the history is Korean, all people and cultures can relate to the struggle and triumphs. The messages and morals are universal and the purpose of memorising the meanings is to honour and uphold the people, actions and events, therefore representing the tenets of Taekwon-Do.

  • 3rd Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab

    Terms

    General Terms

    English Korean
    Flying Twinyo
    Grasping Japki

    Stances

    English Korean
    Closed Stance Moa Sogi

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    W-Shaped Block San Makgi
    Low Double Forearm Pushing Block Najunde Doo Palmok Miro Makgi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Upset Fingertip Thrust Dwijibun Sonkut Tulgi
    Upward Knee Kick Ollyo Moorup Chagi
    Front Grasp Ap Japki
    Twin Side Elblow Sang Yop Palkup
    Front Pushing Kick Ap Cha Milgi

    Pattern

    Korean Number of Moves
    Toi-Gye 37

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Free Sparring Jayo Matsoki
    One Step Sparring Ilbo Matsoki

    Questions

    Meaning of Toi-Gye?
    Reveal Answer

    TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 latitude, the diagram represents " scholar".

    Meaning of red belt?
    Reveal Answer

    Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, whilst warning the opponent to stay away.

    Name six different kicks?
    Reveal Answer

    Ap Chagi or Front Kick. Bandal Chagi or Crescent Kick. Bituro Chagi or Twisting Kick. Dollyo Chagi or Roundhouse Kick. Dwi Chagi or Back Kick. Dwi Huryeo Chagi or Spinning Hook Kick. Eedan Ap Chagi or Jumping Front Kick. Geodeup Chagi or Repeating Kick. Huryeo Chagi or Hook Kick. Kawi Chagi or Scissor Kick. Meereo Chagi or Push Kick. Moreup Chigi or Knee Strike. Naeryeo Chagi or Axe Kick. Narae Chagi or Double Roundhouse Kick. Twi-myo Dwi Chagi or Flying Back Kick. Twi-myo Yeop Chagi or Flying Side Kick. Yeop Chagi or Side Kick.

    Name eight different block?
    Reveal Answer

    Chookyo Makgi or Rising Block. Sonkal Daebi Makgi or Knifehand Guarding Block. Sang Palmok Makgi or Twin Forearm Block. Anaero Bakat Palmok Makgi or Inward Outer Forearm Block. Ollyo Sonbadak Makgi or Upward Palm Block. Hori Makgi or Waist Block. Dollymio Makgi or Circular Block. Palmok Daebi Makgi or Forearm Guarding Block.

    Name seven stances?
    Reveal Answer

    Guburyo Sogi or Bending Stance. Gojong Sogi or Fixed Stance. Moa Chunbi Sogi A or Closed Ready Stance A. Niunja Sogi or L-Stance. Kyocha Sogi or X-Stance. Gunnun Sogi or Walking Stance. Charyot Sogi or Attention Stance. Narani Sogi or Ready Stance. Annun Sogi or Sitting Stance.

  • 2nd Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab Remember at this grade you are only one grading away from Black Belt. You are now expected to show a high degree of competance in both practical and theoretical TKD

    Terms

    Parts of the body

    English Korean
    Sonbadak Palm
    Instep Baldung
    Reverse Footsword Balkal Dung

    Stances

    English Korean
    Vertical Stance Soojik Sogi
    Closed Ready Stance C Moa Chunbi Sogi C

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    Palm Pushing Block Sonbadak Miro Makgi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Downward Knifehand Strike Naeryo Sonkal Taerigi
    Upward Punch Ollyo Jirugi

    Pattern

    Korean Number of Moves
    Hwa-Rang 29

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Free Sparring Jayo Matsoki
    One Step Sparring Ilbo Matsoki

    Questions

    What is the meaning of black belt
    Reveal Answer

    Black signifies maturity and proficiency in TaeKwon-Do. Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.

    Who is the current ITF president?
    Reveal Answer

    Grand Master Choi Jung Hwa 9th Degree

    Meaning of Hwa-Rang
    Reveal Answer

    HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty around 600 A.D. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity

    Who was in charge of the 29th Infantry Division
    Reveal Answer

    Major General Choi Hong Hi 9th Degree Grand Master

    What is your philosophy on Taekwondo?
    Reveal Answer

    You should think about why you do Taekwon-do and how you practice it. There are no wrong answers to this question. The grading examiner wants to know want motivates you

    Meaning of all patterns?
    Reveal Answer

    See Patterns Sections

  • 1st Kup Grading Material

    The Theory Sheet for this Kup is in the Links Tab The Theory on these sheets is only a guide as to what you may be asked. You should expect to be asked questions on anything you have learned on your Taekwon-do journey to date. The questions shown below are an example of what may be asked. You are now going for your Black Belt. At this grade you are expected to be able to find your own answers to the questions. If you are really struggling to find answers then talk to your instructor. Your Instructor will be able to give you ideas of what may be asked but each Black Belt grading is different and consequently the questions are different

    Terms

    Parts of the body

    English Korean
    Side Instep Yop Baldung

    Defensive Moves

    English Korean
    Twin Upward Palm Block Sang Ollyo Sonbadak Makgi
    Side X Knifehand Checking Block Yop Kyocha Sonkal Momchau Makgi

    Offensive Moves

    English Korean
    Back Piercing Kick Dwitcha Jirugi
    Twisting Kick Bituro Chagi
    Flying Side Kick Twimyo Yop Chagi
    Front Knifehand Strike Ap Sonkal Taerigi
    Front Reverse Knifehand Strike Ap Sonkal Dung Taerigi

    Pattern

    Korean Number of Moves
    Choong Moo 30

    Sparring

    English Korean
    Free Sparring Jayo Matsoki
    One Step Sparring Ilbo Matsoki

    Questions

    Meaning of black belt?
    Reveal Answer

    Black signifies maturity and proficiency in TaeKwon-Do. Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.

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